EmTech MIT: How AI and biomedical innovations are transforming health care

Where a patient with Parkinson's disease or multiple sclerosis or an invasive sensor is needed for sleep analysis, the way the doctor monitors breathing, detects depression, and walks according to movement needs to be done in a special environment Yes. Because other symptoms are simply difficult to monitor, patients should write a journal instead.

MIT teacher Dina Katabi has developed a prototype wireless device similar to the wireless router. This device combines wireless signals and machine learning algorithms and monitors these physiological signs – without wires – even through walls. In a presentation at the EmTech MIT conference last week, Katabi explained how the system works and some potential applications.

Mr. Katabi says that our body is composed mainly of water and reflects these signals so that all the movements are changing the electromagnetic field is swimming in the ocean of the wireless signal . This device is in the background and analyzes these changes in the electromagnetic field using an advanced machine learning algorithm to extract physiological data. Katabi insisted that the system could measure breathing, heart rate, walking, sleeping, and various other physiological signals throughout the home.

In the demonstration of the video, Katabi tracks motion accurately to about 97% precision with FDA approved chest band, calls Emerald to detect the crash and monitor the heart rate. House. It can also diagnose sleep apnea which not only monitors sleep but also distinguishes different stages of sleep and can indicate disorders such as depression or Alzheimer's disease.

Emerald is currently being tested in healthy volunteers and in patients affected by Alzheimer's disease, depression, Parkinson's disease and pulmonary disease and about 200 houses. Generate data that provides rich information on mobility, drug efficacy, and overall mental and physical health by following the trajectories of people living in a living structure aided over time be able to.

The ultimate goal is "a house with health consciousness", which means we are constantly monitoring for the doctor. "In the future, medical care should be provided to patients," Katabi said. "In fact, you never have to go to a hospital or hospital."

Emerald was just one of many stories about health care innovation last week.

Associate Professor Sheng Xu …

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