How Linux was the real winner in the battle between Windows and Apple?

This article focuses on a comparative study of the most used three operating systems Microsoft, Apple Mac OS, and Linux. The article presents which are the most important features of these three operating systems and the article also deals with the features that these operating systems have in common and analyzes some of their disadvantages. This article shows how windows and mac win the desktop, but Linux takes the world.

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Before getting started we should know about Operating System:

What is an Operating System(OS)?

An operating system (OS) is a system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs. The operating system acts as an intermediary between programs and the computer hardware for different hardware functions.

Then moving forward to the types of Operating Systems like LINUX, WINDOWS, and APPLE

LINUX OPERATING SYSTEM

It is an operating system and it is a free and open source software operating system. The operating system manages the communication between your software and your hardware. It is the software that sits underneath all the other software’s on a computer, receiving requests from those programs and relaying these requests to the hardware.

WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEM

Microsoft invented an operating environment and named as Windows on November 20, 1985, as a graphical operating system for MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces(GUI). Being the developer of Windows, Microsoft has registered several trademarks. Each of them denotes a family of Windows operating systems that target a specific sector of the computing industry.

APPLE OPERATING SYSTEM

Apple macOS is the operating system that empowers every Mac. It’s engineered to take full advantage of the hardware’s capabilities. It comes with a large collection of apps. Apple has rapidly developed several new versions of Mac OS.

How LINUX came into existence?

The Unix operating system came into mind and implemented in 1969, at AT&T’s Bell Laboratories in the United States by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, Douglas McIlroy, and Joe Hosanna. Unix was written entirely in assembly language. Later it was rewritten in the C programming language by Dennis Ritchie. In 1991, while attending the University of Helsinki, Torvalds became curious about operating systems and after being frustrated by the licensing of MINIX, he began working on his own operating system kernel, which in the end became the Linux kernel.

For years, Linux remained in the background is a web server for the world’s largest companies but never found much success on personal devices. Those things got changed when Google released Android and it first found its way onto phones. Linux was originally developed for personal computers. Because of the dominant nature of the Linux kernel-based Android OS on smartphones, Linux has the largest installed base of all general-purpose operating systems.

Why did LINUX succeed?

Nowadays open source operating system “Linux” is one of the most important pieces of computer software in the world.  Linux OS runs on every Android phone and tablet. And even if you’re on an iPhone or a Mac or a Windows machine, Linux is working behind the scenes, across the Internet and serving most of the web pages you view and energize most of the apps you use.

Facebook, Google, Wikipedia—it’s all running on Linux. Microsoft itself is using Linux for some of the networking technologies behind the scenes of Azure. Linux has a greater importance to web development that Microsoft became a partner with Linux. Important technologies like the Apache web server, MySQL database, and the Perl programming language became important of every major Linux distribution. Linux took over the web and now taking over the world.

Linux vs Macintosh vs Windows:

Three of these OS have some advantages and disadvantages

             advantages        disadvantages
WINDOWS
  1. It is very compatible that every driver and game will work.
  2. You can do almost many functions very easily.
  1. you may need to buy an antivirus program.
  2. windows require a lot of memory, processor, disk spaces and thus runs slower.
MACINTOSH
  1. It runs only on Apple computers. So, there is less risk of software and hardware crashes.
  2. Mac gets almost no virus and looks better than windows.
  1. Only a few programs and almost no games will run on mac.
  2. It is very expensive, and we cannot install mac unless it’s Apple.
LINUX
  1. Linux is not a full operating system. It is just a kernel. Hundreds of bundles exist here, and the most popular ones include Ubuntu, Mint, and Fedora.
  1. Linux is free. You can download, install, use and modify it.
  1. Though it is an open source software Linux still has very few viruses.
  1. It will require a good deal of computer knowledge to get them to work. 
  2. Like Mac, Linux does not have as many programs and games as Windows.
  3. You won’t find many vendors selling Linux computers.

THE COOLEST THINGS YOU CAN DO USING LINUX THAT YOU CANNOT DO WITH WINDOWS OR A MAC?

  1. Upgradation to the newest version legally and without paying money.
  2. It has the latest version of the operating system which runs faster than the previous version.
  3. Easily get installed and run different graphical interfaces.
  4. If a major mistake requires a complete installation, then it can do in less than an hour.
  5. Run multiple desktops simultaneously or allow multiple users to log in and use the computer simultaneously.
  6. Resize a hard disk partition without having to delete it and without losing the data on it.
  7. Browsing the web while the OS is being installed.

Conclusion:

No operating system is better, the choice is up to you. If you’re a gamer, then you have no choice and go for Windows. Programmers might prefer Linux and video/graphics producers will probably tend towards a Mac operating system. The best thing to do is probably trying each Operating System and see which is best for you.

Compsmag