Verify & Repair Permissions on OS El Capitan

Check tutorial of How to Verify & Repair Permissions in OS X El Capitan

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The Disk Utility app has long included the ability to verify and restore disk permissions on a Mac, but the latest versions of OS X removed this capability. That doesn’t mean you can’t verify the permissions and repair permissions in OS X El Capitan 10.11 and later, just go to the command line to do so.

To be clear, verifying and repairing disk permissions has long been over-assigned as a remedy for all sorts of problems on the Mac, most of which are rarely accurate or legitimate. In that sense, fixing permissions is considered a kind of hocuspocus with little benefit for most OS X situations, but there are still some unique circumstances where you still want to verify and repair disk permissions in OS X, especially if a file is permissions actually disabled, which means that certain users and processes can read and write certain files and folders.

Note that this is not the same as verifying and repairing a disk.

How to Repair Check disk permissions in OS X El Capitan

Open the Terminal application (located in / Applications / Utilities /) and use the following syntax to verify the permissions of a volume, this will verify the default root volume of a Mac:

sudo / usr / libexec / repair_packages –verify –standard-pkgs /

If you want to verify the permissions on another disk, specify the volume instead of “/”

The command runs and shows permissions that are different or nothing depending on what is found. Not surprisingly, you will likely find a number of different permissions that look something like this:

Permissions differ on “usr / libexec / cups / cgi-bin”, should be drwxr-xr-x, they are dr-xr-xr-x. Permissions differ on “usr / libexec / cups / daemon”, should be drwxr- xr-x, they are dr-xr-xr-x. The permissions differ on “usr / libexec / cups / driver”, should be drwxr-xr-x, they are dr-xr-xr-x. The permissions differ on “usr / libexec / cups / monitor”, should be drwxr-xr-x, they are dr-xr-xr-x.

How to Repair disk permissions in OS X El Capitan from the command line

Assuming it found permissions that differ and you want to fix them, replace the –verify flag with –repair and point the command to the same volume again:

sudo / usr / libexec / repair_packages –repair –standard-pkgs –volume /

Restoring permissions can take a while, just like with Disk Utility.

Check and repair disk permissions in OS X from the command line

Running the repair_packages command with no sudo and no specifications or flags will give you simple help guide instead:

$ / usr / libexec / repair_packagesUsage: repair_packages …

Commands: –help Print this usage guide. – List-standard-pkgs List the package IDs in the default set. – Verify Verify the permissions for files in the specified package (s). – restore Restore permissions for files in the specified package (s). Options: –pkg PKGID Verify or repair the package PKGID. – standard-pkgs Check or repair the standard set of packages. – volume PATH Perform all operations on the specified volume. – output format # Print progress information with special output format. – debug Print debugging information while running.

As suggested, this isn’t really something that should be done regularly as part of the Mac maintenance routine, and it’s rarely needed, which is probably why Apple pulled it out of Disk Utility.

By the way, earlier releases of OS X also have a command line approach to restore disk permissions, but it’s handled through the Disk Utility command line tool instead.

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How to Verify & Repair Permissions in OS X El Capitan: FAQ

Tutorial Summary: How to Verify & Repair Permissions in OS X El Capitan

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What is actual time in which this method complete?

The time to complete the How to Verify & Repair Permissions in OS X El Capitan tutorial is 10+ minutes.

What are the supported Device?

Apple

What are the supported Operating system?

mac OS


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