Because about two-thirds of known human infectious diseases are shared with animals, and most emerging diseases are associated with wildlife, One Health has focused on the human-animal health nexus — including zoonoses and anti-microbial resistance, when exposure to antibiotics changes bacteria, making it more difficult to treat. Uniting human, animal and environmental health, One Health is a cross-cutting approach that carries out programmes, policies, legislation and research in which different sectors work together to achieve better public health outcomes. However, says Blanc, the three components of One Health — human, animal and environmental health cannot be separated, and all three need urgent attention. “Many zoonoses that have become pandemics have been linked to environmental factors like deforestation, and are exacerbated by climate change. We will not succeed in securing human health while we continue to ignore environmental health.”
‘One Health’ is based on the understanding that human health and animal health are interdependent and linked to the health of the ecosystems in which they co-exist. UNEP’s experts say that greater cooperation — among ecologists, zoologists and public health officials, for example — can help address health challenges and their social and economic impact. “This is a great example of how better international and cross-sector cooperation on a One Health approach can make a huge difference,” says Julian Blanc, a wildlife expert with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
One Health Instead, snake bites result in 1.8 to 2.7 million cases of poisoning. Of these, the majority affect women, children and farmers in poor rural communities in low- and middle-income countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America, where health systems are weakest and medical resources sparse. Ultimately, between 81,000 and 137,000 people die, and there are around three times as many amputations and other permanent disabilities each year.
One Health High-Level Expert Panel Under the theme “Building a fairer, healthier world”, World Health Day highlights the right to health and the need to tackle health inequalities. “We will not succeed in securing human health while we continue to ignore environmental health.” Julian Blanc, UNEP wildlife expert
Explains Laetitia Sieffert, a health expert with the Convention on Biological Diversity, “One Health approaches can help address environmental and health inequities in a holistic manner, by promoting equitable access to health services and products, and fostering a sound management of natural resources and ecosystems.” And while public health has revealed global inequalities, global inequalities cannot be addressed in the absence of more effective public health.
The News Highlights
- Critical ‘health’ approach to tackling health inequality and emerging diseases – World
- Check the latest Health news updates and information about health.
For Latest News Follow us on Google News
- Show all
- Trending News
- Popular By week