IIT Madras created BharOS to compete with Android and iOS; watch Union Ministers try it out

Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan and Union Telecom Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw tested India’s first indigenous operating system, BharOS, on Tuesday (January 24).

BharOS, dubbed a competitor to Google‘s Android and Apple’s iOS, was created by the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. The new mobile operating system aims to reduce reliance on foreign operating systems in smartphones while also improving user security and privacy.

“Tested Indian ‘Operating System’ – BharOS developed at IIT Madras with Dharmendra Pradhan,” Ashwini Vaishnaw tweeted. A significant step forward in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Aatmanirbhar Bharat journey.”

According to the Press Information Bureau (PIB), the indigenously developed OS has no default apps and thus allows users to avoid using an unfamiliar app. It gives users more control over the permissions and data that apps request from them.

The new operating system will give users access to trusted apps through organization-specific Private App Store Services (PASS), which are curated lists of apps that meet security and privacy standards. This protects users from security flaws and privacy concerns.

BharOS also offers ‘Native Over The Air’ (NOTA) updates to ensure the devices’ security. NOTA updates are automatically downloaded and installed on the device, eliminating the need for the user to initiate the process,” JandKops’ Karthik Ayyar explained (company under IIT Madras).

“This ensures that the device is always running the most recent version of the operating system, which includes the most recent security patches and bug fixes,” he went on to say.

Innovation and technological developments under Modi govt

The Modi government has invested in the development of indigenous technology over the years in order to improve the lives of its citizens. This includes digital money transfers via the Unified Payments Interface’s seamless system (UPI).

PM Modi also announced the launch of e-RUPI in August 2021 as part of his Digital India initiative. e-RUPI is a cashless and contactless digital payment instrument that is delivered to beneficiaries’ cell phones in the form of a QR code/e-Voucher.

The voucher can then be redeemed at the service provider without the need for a card or internet banking access. e-RUPI will connect sponsors with beneficiaries and service providers in a digital manner, eliminating the need for a physical interface.

Previously, ISRO developed the Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC) regional navigation satellite system to meet India’s positioning, navigation, and timing needs.


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