Robots help combat COVID-19 in world, and maybe soon in India too


Step into where humans shouldn’t, robots are being used for jobs like disinfecting hospitals and supplying food and medicine in many parts of the world and perhaps soon in India, where experiments are being conducted to help fight COVID 19. As health professionals, researchers and governments struggle to curb the spread of the pandemic that has infected more than 7,000,000 people worldwide and claimed more than 30,000 lives, robots are also being deployed to deliver treatments and deliver support to quarantined patients. The World Health Organization has recommended physical distance for people around the world to prevent transmission of COVID-19 at the community level.

Delivering essentials to homes and providing treatments in high-risk areas such as hospitals has continued to be a challenge, and people now often delegate to machines. Earlier this month, a 14-robot field hospital opened the Hongshan Sports Center in Wuhan, China, where the pandemic began.

The robots, supplied by Beijing-based robotics company CloudMinds, can clean and disinfect, deliver medicines to patients and measure their temperature. In India, Sawai Man Singh Government Hospital in the capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur, is conducting a series of tests with a humanoid robot to verify that it can be used to deliver medicines and food to the COVID-19 listed there. patients.

This could reduce the chance that hospital staff will catch the infection, hospital officials said. In addition, Kerala-based startup Asimov Robotics has developed a three-wheeled robot that it claims can be used to help patients in isolation departments.

This includes help with things like food and medication, something nurses and doctors have done so far, putting them at greater risk of contracting the virus. The idea that robots fill jobs previously done by humans may feel dystopian, but scientists think machines can free the medical staff from human hospitals while limiting the spread of the virus. “Robots can play a critical role in the current pandemic as they can minimize human intervention at all levels, from patient research through to patient care and drug delivery mechanisms,” Lovi Raj Gupta, Dean of Science and Technology at Lovely Professional University in Punjab ( LPU), said PTI.

“As the current pandemic prevention and cure is remotely focused, robots should be turned on so that the least human interaction is practiced, especially with people who have been found positive and kept isolated,” said Gupta. India has reported 1,071 cases, including 29 deaths.

“Doctors work day and night to protect infected people. Maintaining social distance in hospitals is crucial to stop the spread of the pandemic, & # 39; & # 39; added Anita Gehlot, associate professor at the LPU & # 39; s School of Electronics and Electrical Engineering. “In this scenario, robots can play an important role in maintaining hospital hygiene and delivering medicines and collecting waste from patients, bedrooms,” she added. According to an editorial published March 25 in the journal Science Robotics, robots can perform tasks such as disinfecting surfaces, warming people in public areas or in ports of entry and providing quarantined social support placed patients. They can also collect nose and throat samples for testing and allow people to virtually attend conferences and exhibitions, the researchers said, including those at Carnegie Mellon University in the U.S.

In any case, using robots can reduce people’s exposure to pathogens, which will become increasingly important as epidemics escalate, they explained. For example, engineering students at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok have reused medical “ninja robots” for stroke patients to make them useful for patients with COVID-19.

The robots can measure the temperature of patients and protect the safety of health workers by reducing the interaction with sick people. Likewise, a hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa, uses an ultraviolet (UV) light robot to disinfect the facility.

The hospital uses UV light instead of hydrogen peroxide because it reduces cleaning time from hours to five or ten minutes. “Disease-controlled, non-contact UV surface disinfection has already been used for disease prevention because COVID-19 spreads not only from person to person through close contact with the respiratory drop, but also through contaminated surfaces,” the researchers said.

“Opportunities lie in intelligent navigation and detection of high-risk, high-touch areas, combined with other preventive measures,” they noted. In the Science Robotics magazine, the scientists explained that robots can be used for clinical care such as telemedicine and decontamination.

The researchers said the robots could also be used in logistics, such as delivery, contaminated waste processing and exploration, including monitoring compliance with voluntary quarantines. The researchers particularly emphasized the role that robots can play in disinfection, cleaning and telepresence.

They said that new generations of large, small, micro and swarm robots could be developed that can work and clean continuously. In terms of telepresence, deploying social robots can provide unique opportunities for continued social interactions and following treatment regimens without fear of spreading more diseases, they said.

“COVID-19 could become the turning point of how future organizations work,” the researchers explained. “Instead of canceling major international exhibitions and conferences, new forms of gathering – virtual rather than personal attendance – may increase,” they said.

(This story has not been edited by staff and is automatically generated from a syndicated feed.)


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