With Linux 5.14, XFS will see a significant increase in scalability

Kaboxer, a tool for managing programmes in containers, is released by the Kali Linux team

The message on the merge further explains the code that’s been reworked in the XFS driver for better scalability around the CIl and log:
The log write FUA/FLUSH optimisations reduce the number of cache flushes required to flush the CIL to the journal. It extends the old pre-delayed logging ordering semantics required by writing individual transactions to the iclogs out to cover then CIL checkpoint transactions rather than individual writes to the iclogs. In doing so, we reduce the cache flush requirements to once per CIL checkpoint rather than once per iclog write.

A big patch series out of Red Hat is now queued into the XFS file-system development Git branch that is part of the new material for the upcoming Linux 5.14 cycle. The big set of patches that was queued this week into the xfs-5.14 for-next code focuses on CIL (Committed Item List) and log scalability improvements. There are good performance numbers being seen out of this scalability work for the XFS file-system. The big numbers are seeing the transaction rate go up from around 700k to 1.7M commits per second and a reduction in flush operations by 2~x orders of magnitude less for metadata heavy workloads that don’t enforce fsync.

The async CIL pushes fix a pipeline limitation that only allowed a single CIL push to be processed at a time. This was causing CIL checkpoint writing to become CPU bound as only a single CIL checkpoint could be pushed at a time. The checkpoint pipeline was designed to allow multiple pushes to be in flight at once and use careful ordering of the commit records to ensure correct recovery order, but the workqueue implementation didn’t allow concurrent works to be run. The concurrent works now extend out to 4 CIL checkpoints running at a time, hence removing the CPU usage limiations without introducing new lock contention issues.

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  • With Linux 5.14, XFS will see a significant increase in scalability
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