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What is the meaning of TPM 2.0 and why does Windows 11 require it? – Guide
Windows 11 will officially launch on October 5, 2021 and the new operating system brings many features and a new UI update for the beloved platform. Most system requirements are pretty easy on modern systems, except for TPM 2.0.
Most computers these days boast this, however some others do not or have the older standard, TPM 1.0.
What is TPM and why is it necessary?
TPM stands for Trusted Platform Module and is a secure cryptoprocessor that sits on the motherboard or processors. Using hardware-level encryption protects your device and the data stored on it by protecting the encryption keys generated by your computer.
It ensures that encrypted drives remain encrypted and also that malware cannot access the fingerprint information you have on your laptop, etc. Although Windows 11 requires it, it’s also present in Windows 10 and even Windows 7.
How to know if you have PMS
There are two easy ways to check directly in Windows whether TPM 2.0 is enabled or not.
1. PC Health Check
Open your computer’s Start menu and type “PC Health Check.” an app will appear up and you just need to run it to see if your PC is ready for Windows 11.
if you can see the dreaded red X, click on the results to see what’s missing; the app just gave a simple yes or no right after Microsoft announced Windows 11.
Click Start and type Windows Security and click Device Security in the left menu. There’s a chip icon there, with a very, very small green checkmark if you already meet the TPM requirements.
Why does Windows 11 require TPM 2.0?
Having TPM 2.0 on a PC will allow the computer and the operating system built for it, such as Windows 11, to raise the security bar on your PC. This will make logging in and encrypting the drives much easier.
However, the most important duty of TPM 2.0 is to help protect against some of the nastiest malware out there, such as rootkits. As most rootkits even before your operating system does, this gives them access to infect virtually any aspect of your operating system or applications.
How to turn on the TPM
Many of the processors listed have TPM 2.0 functionality built into the processor firmware and it’s just a matter of turning it on in the BIOS / UEFI. For example, on AMD CPU, you can follow these steps:
However, if your chip doesn’t have TPM built into its firmware, then you can get a piece of hardware for your system, and then the motherboard manual will indicate where on the board you would connect that chip. TPM 2.0 modules are available on sites like Amazon and Newegg for under $50.
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